Interesting jewelry

MATERIALS

Materials that are most commonly used for making jewelry are noble or half noble metals: gold, silver, platinum, titanium, copper, rhodium and palladium. We are making jewelry only of gold and silver as precious metal. Metals are non-porous and they can greatly reflect light on the polished...

GOLD

Gold is one of the heavy metals. Its density is 19,3. Malleability and ductility are also high. One gram of gold is enough to make a gold wire length of 3 km and with forging or rolling can be transformed into thin layers. It belongs to the firmest metals against chemical reactions and that is why it is called noble metal. Nor the acid nor base has any effect on him. Purity of gold is measured in carats. Pure gold has 24 carats. Since gold is always alloyed with another metals due to how soft...

WHITE GOLD

WHITE GOLD

White gold is an alloy of gold and at least one white metal, usually nickel or palladium. Purity of white gold is also measured in carats. While alloys of gold and nickel are hard and solid, therefore used for making rings, alloys of gold and palladium are soft and flexible, therefore are used as a basis for precious stones. The highest quality white gold has at least 17 carats and it is made out of gold and palladium, sometimes with traces of platinum which is added so that alloy can have a...

RED GOLD (PINK)

Red gold is an alloy of gold, silver and copper, with a large mixture of copper and its fineness is also measured in...

YELLOW GOLD

YELLOW GOLD

585 – Is mostly used in jewelry and it represent the alloy of pure gold, silver and copper in which the content of pure gold is 58, 5%. The ratio of copper and silver determines the color and the hardness of the...

DENTAL GOLD

Dental gold, with purity of 916, is an alloy of gold of high purity with good properties for casting...

DUCATS

DUCATS

Ducats are medieval golden money first made in Venice. The name comes from the abbreviation “ducat-us”, meaning “Duchy”. It had spread across whole Europe as the most common trading golden money, weight was 3, 49 grams, and purity 0, 9866. It is in use since October 1284, when it was made by the order of Giovanni Dandolo, and in Serbia it was referred under the ruler ship of King Milutin, who was Giovanni’s contemporary. After a short period many other countries at that time copied...

Ducat with image of Basil of Ostrog

Celebrated on 12 May – Basil of Ostrog Originating from Herzegovinian, Basil of Ostrog was born on 28 December 1610 in the village Mrkonjic in Popovo field. As the son of poor, but pious people, from childhood he had been raised in spirit of the Orthodox charity and benevolence. As a boy he kept livestock, he shared the last bite of food with people less fortunate than him. In fear of the Turks, his parents sheltered him in a nearby monastery Zavala, where was his uncle, Jeromonah Serafim....

Ducat with a image of Saint Tryphon

February 14 is celebrated as St. Tryphon, Tryphonday, Trivul and Triva Saint Tryphon was born in a very poor family in the Phrygian village Kampsadi, near the city of Apamea. Saint Tryphon had showed the ability to heal people and animals since childhood. As a poor farmer he kept geese and with his healing powers he cured many patients, among everyone he cured Gordius, daughter of the Emperor Gordian the Third. Saint Tryphon is celebrated in all wine-growing regions, because this...

Ducat with the image of Saint Sava – the first Serbian archbishop

It is celebrated on the 27th of January to the glory of St. Sava. The most sacred figure, strongly woven into the consciousness and being of the Serbian people. He is the only saint whose holyday Serbs celebrate as a church, school, guild and family holiday. Based on what has been written and said about Saint Sava, few people is not familiar with Rasko, the youngest son of Raska County Prefect Nemanja and Ana, born around 1175, as a young man he secretly went to Mount Athos where he became a...

Ducat with image of Saint Luke

Celebrated on the 31th of October - St. Luka Author of the Gospel, and the work of the two iconic books of the New Testament, Holy Apostle Luke did not belong to the Twelve Apostles, he was from a wider circle of Christ’s seventeen students. Born in Antioch he was a very educated man. From an early age he studied Greek philosophy, medicine and paintings. When he came to Jerusalem, he met Jesus Christ and had witnessed his marvelous works. The risen Jesus showed himself to Saint Luke and his...

Golden coin of King Milan I Obrenovic – Serbia

Golden coin of King Milan I Obrenovic – Serbia

The Kingdom of Serbia in the late nineteenth century issued several editions of gold coins with the nominal value of 10 and 20 dinars. At the time who ever belonged to Latin Monetary Union had to forge gold coins with exactly specified measures, which was applied to Serbia too. First edition of the coin with value of 20 dinars appeared in 1879, and second in 1882. On the front side of the edition is a figure of the Serbian King Obrenovic facing right. On the first edition there is an...

Golden coin “American eagle”

Golden coin “American eagle”

On the front side of the coins there is a girl who symbolizes freedom, whose shape is inspired by the golden coin of 20 dollars, which were forged between 1907 and 1933. Modern coins have a text “LIBERTY” at the top and the year of publication. On the back side of the golden coin there is an eagle that carries an olive branch to its own nest. Above the eagle there is an inscription “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA”, in the middle the two slogans are imprinted which is famous for American...

Mexican golden coin of 50 pesos (Centenario)

Mexican golden coin of 50 pesos (Centenario)

The first edition of golden coin of 50 pesos, otherwise known as Centenario, was minted in 1921. The coin was so popular that it was continued to be made in later years. In the period between 1949 and 1972, almost four million copies were produced who had imprinted on themselves 1947 as the year of release, which is why the coins of that age are considered overprint. In the late 1947 after the citizens of the United States were again legally allowed to own gold coins, Mexican coin of 50 pesos...

Southafrican golden coin Krugerrand

Southafrican golden coin Krugerrand

Southafrican coin Krugerrand is considered to be one of the most widespread golden coins in the world. The first edition was minted in 1967, and is made out of gold digged up in rich findings of South Africa. On the front side of the coins there is a character of Paul Krugerrand, the president of South Africa from the second half of the 19th century. Around the image there is text imprinted in African and in English: “SUID AFRICA – SOUTH AFRICA. The back of the coin shows South Africa’s...

Canadian golden coin Maple Leaf

Canadian golden coin Maple Leaf

Canadian gold coins – Maple Leaf began to be produced in 1979 in the Royal Canadian Mint (Monnaie Royale Canadienne). Until the 1982, the annual editions of this gold coin were minted in gold purity of 99,9 percent. Canadian Mint is one of the first ever to perfect gold refining to purity of 99,99 percent, therefore from 1983 they began to mint the coins which practically did not contain base metals at all. Some of the editions of the Royal Canadian Mint have reached purity of 99,999...

Chinese gold coin – Panda

Chinese gold coin – Panda

Gold coins with imprinted image of panda are minted in Republic of China since 1982. They are still most popular and mostly demanded golden coins in the world. Design of the back of the coin, on which the scene from panda’s life is shown, are being changed annualy, which makes it collectable. The exeption to this are the editions from 2001 and 2002 which have identical design. On the front side of the coin the image of the Temple of Heaven is imprinted which is in the centre of Bejing,...

The Hungarian gold coin "Franjo Josip"

The Hungarian gold coin "Franjo Josip"

Hungarian golden coin was released in the late 19th century and the beginning of 21st century. Last edition was minted in 1915, just before the state broke down. On front of the coin there is a whole image of Franje Josip I with a text around it:”FERENCZ JOZSEF I-K-A-CS-ES M-H-S-D-O-AP-KIR-“, and a year of publication at the bottom. On the back side of the coin there was an emblem of hungaria which was used at that time, which is held by two angels.     Under the emblem there...

French gold coin Marianne - rooster

French gold coin Marianne - rooster

This is a french gold coin of 20 francs from the period of the Third republic otherwise known as the golden coin “Marianne”, which got its name by character of a young women whose image is on the back side of the coin. Marianne is a national symbol of the French Republic which symbolizes freedom and common sence. The coin is also known as “the rooster” because on the front side of the ducat an Gallic rooster is stamped, who is also one of the symbols of France. On the front side of...

Austrian gold coin “Wiener Philharmoniker” (Vienna Philharmonic)

Austrian gold coin “Wiener Philharmoniker” (Vienna Philharmonic)

Austrian gold coin produced in the Austrian Mint "Muenze Osterreich" out of pure gold. The first edition on the market appeared in 1989 and since then there is new edition every year. The design of the coins is dedicated to the world famous Austrian Symphony Orchestra. Therefore, on the front side there is an image of symphonic instruments, above which is written "WIENER PHILHARMONIKER". On the other side, there is a relief of large pipe organ in a concert hall...

French gold coin "Napoleon"

French gold coin "Napoleon"

French gold coin of 20 francs with the portrait of Napoleon III, President of France during the period of its Second Republic, were minted from 1852 to 1870 in millions of copys, which is why it can still be seen in numismatic collections around the world. In addition to coins of 20 francs, this golden coin was minted in denominations of 50 and 100 francs. The coin of 20 francs on the front side has the portrait of Louis – Napoleon Bonaparte looking right, with the text inscribing NAPOLEON...

Ducat of King Aleksandar and Queen Marija

Ducat of King Aleksandar and Queen Marija

Fourfold ducat which the Kingdom of Yugoslavia issued contains two characters printed on its front side. The figure of King Alexander with glasses standing in festive royal robes next to the figure of Queen Mary, which has a tiara on her head. Around the image there is a text written in Cyrillic "KRALJ ALEKSANDAR I KRALJICA MARIJA", and at the bottom also in Cyrillic it is written "KOVANICA A.D." On the back of the coin there is a royal emblem with double-headed eagle,...

Ducat King Aleksandar of Yugoslav Kingdom

Ducat King Aleksandar of Yugoslav Kingdom

Following the example of the Austrian coins, Kingdom of Yugoslavia in the early 30-ies of the last century, issued a large series of gold coins with the image of King Alexander. Ducats were identical to the Austrian, they were 3,49 grams havy, they were in diameter 20mm and thickness of 0,7 mm. It is interesting that the ducats of Kingdom of Yugoslavia did not have a stamp or character which would confirm its credibility. There were three tags, which were inscribed in the bottom right corner...

Austrian gold coin Florin or a Franc

Austrian gold coin Florin or a Franc

Minted in the period between 1870 and 1892. Purity of the gold coins is 900. 4 florins or 10 francs - gold coins, "Franz Joseph" with a nominal value of 4 florins or 10 francs a diameter 18,7mm, weight of 3.2258 grams, containing 2.9033 grams of pure gold. On the front side there is the portrait of Emperor Franz Joseph with a laurel wreath on his head surrounded by text FRANCISCVS IOSEPHVS IDC REX ET IMPERATOR. On the other side of the coin there is a double-headed eagle with the...

Gold coin of 20 dollars “Double Eagle”

Gold coin of 20 dollars “Double Eagle”

This coin was minted in the United States since 1849 and its value was 20 dollars. There are two different designes of this coin "LIBERTY HEAD" which was minted since 1907 and "SAINT GAUDENS" a coin which got its name after a designer who designed it that way Augustus Saint-Gaudens. Golden coin "LIBERTY HEAD" on the front side has a figure of a girl who represents freedom with a tiara on which it is printed "LIBERTY". Around her head 13 stars are printed...

Austrian gold coin "Franz Joseph" single and quadruple

Austrian gold coin "Franz Joseph" single and quadruple

Generally the most common coin in our parts since late 19th and early 20th century, it is considered to be a mean of preserving value, which is why most citizens of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, but also other countries in Europe bought it as a wedding gift, as a gift due to child born or simply as a stock for future. It was also used for international payments. This coin is still manufactured in large quantities in the Austrian Mint Muenze Osterreich in the shape that had the original coin...

French gold coin "Angel"

French gold coin "Angel"

On the front side of this coin shows the motive of angel that writes the French Constitution placed on a pedestal. To the left of the angel, behind his back, a bundle is stamped with an axe (fascis), a symbol of authority and power. To the right of the angel there is a proud rooster, which symbolizes the fighting spirit of the French Republic. Above the angels is a text REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE (Republic of France). The motive on the front side of this coin is shaped during the French Revolution...

Italian gold coin "Marengo" (Vittorio Emanuele and Umberto)

Italian gold coin "Marengo" (Vittorio Emanuele and Umberto)

Italian gold coins of 20 lira from the second half of the 19th century, known as "Marengi" have the figure of Vittorio Emanuele II stamped on it. Coins were forged in the period between 1861 and 1878. The next monarch who had that honor to be featured on the Italian gold coins was King Umberto I. His image was on the coins of 20 lira too. Gold coins with his image were forged between 1878 and 1897. When the new century came, si did the new figure for the Italian gold coins with the...

Swiss gold coin “Vreneli” (Helvetia)

Swiss gold coin “Vreneli” (Helvetia)

One of the most respected investment coins, minted in Switzerland from late 19th to mid 20th century in 3 different values (10, 20 and 100 franc). The most used gold coin is the one with the value of 20 francs, while the other two values are rare, therefore they have additional numismatic value. On one side of the coin there is an image of the Swiss girl that is known as the "Swiss Miss" in the English speaking parts, there are Alps showing in the backround. Above the girl’s head...

Yugoslav gold coin “Josip Broz Tito” – Mediterranean games Split

Yugoslav gold coin “Josip Broz Tito” – Mediterranean games Split

The coins for the occasion of the 8th Mediterranean games held in Split in 1979 are among the most popular and most widespread gold coins with the image of Josip Broz, also the coins issued to mark the 14th Winter Olympic Games in Sarajevo. For the occasion of the Mediterranean Games the series of coins were forged with the nominal value of 1500, 2000, 2500 and 5000 dinars. Each of the next coins contained different motive on the back side, while the front side was always the same with the...

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